The Ranger Uranium Mine, one of the most productive uranium mines in the world, is surrounded by the park.
The name Kakadu may come from the mispronunciation of Gaagudju, which is the name of an Aboriginal language spoken in the northern part of the park.
Their main aim was to harvest trepang (sea cucumber), turtle shell, pearls and other prized items to trade in their homeland.
The archaeological sites demonstrate Aboriginal occupation for at least 20,000 and possibly up to 40,000 years.
The cultural and natural values of Kakadu National Park were recognised internationally when the park was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
This is an international register of properties that are recognised as having outstanding cultural or natural values of international significance.
Kakadu was listed in three stages: stage 1 in 1981, stage 2 in 1987, and the entire park in 1992.
Kakadu National Park is renowned for the richness of its Aboriginal cultural sites.
There are more than 5,000 recorded art sites illustrating Aboriginal culture over thousands of years.It covers an area of 19,804 km extending nearly 200 kilometres from north to south and over 100 kilometres from east to west.It is the size of Slovenia, about one-third the size of Tasmania, or nearly half the size of Switzerland.The Aboriginal traditional owners of the park are descendants of various clan groups from the Kakadu area and have longstanding affiliations with this country.Their lifestyle has changed in recent years, but their traditional customs and beliefs remain very important.There is no evidence that the Macassans spent time on the coast of Kakadu but there is evidence of some contact between Macassan culture and Aboriginal people of the Kakadu area.