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The liturgy shortened by Basil was that of Antioch, of which we have the oldest specimen in the Apostolic Constitutions.

1-19) tries to establish that there were liturgical books back to the time of the Apostolic Fathers. Tradition is distinct from Scripture; it may include other written books, but not the Bible.

By "saints" he means only the writers of Scripture, and therefore his statement is that the Eucharistic Invocation is not in the Bible. Both palls and books had been taken from the Catholics, both were used in the liturgy (ibid.).

Augustine's argument against the Donatists refers to the diptychs (epp. The diptychs were two tablets folded like a book (); on one side the names of the living, on the other those of the dead were written.

They have now disappeared and the names are said from memory. Leon., 62-7), who suggests that the book is a compilation of Roman Masses made in the sixth or seventh century for use in Gaul, so that the composers of Roman books who were at that time introducing the Roman Rite into Gaul (see LITURGY) might have a source from which to draw their material.

ix and xi) thought that no books were written even by the fourth century. Basil (died 379), who distinguishes between the written teaching of the Apostles (in the Bible) and the unwritten tradition, and quotes liturgical functions as belonging to this: "Who", he asks, "of the saints has written down for us the words of the Sacred Invocation in the consecration of the bread and chalice? Another argument is that no mention is made of liturgical books in the acts of martyrs (who are required to give up their holy books, that is, always, the Bible), or in the quarrels about the books with the Donatists in the fourth century. 25-32) argues against this opinion at length, and defends the view that liturgies were written down at the beginning of the fourth century.

Probst ("Die ältesten römischen Sakramentarien und Ordines", Münster, 1892, pp. He is only explaining the well-known distinction between the two sources of revelation, Scripture and tradition.Augustine too reproaches the Donatists with being in schism with the very churches whose names they read in the "holy books" (epp. So also a synod at Hippo in Africa (in 393) forbids anyone to write down the prayers of other Churches and use them, until he has shown his copy to the more learned brethren (can. Prayers are quoted in the Apostolic Fathers ("Didache", ix, x; Clement, "First Epistle to the Corinthians", lix, 3-lxi. This does not, however, prove the existence of liturgical books.xxv; Hefele-Leclercq, "Histoire des Conciles", II, Paris, 1908, p. Probst thinks that the exact quotations made by the Fathers as far back as the second century prove that the liturgy was already written down. We know that formulæ, especially liturgical formulæ, can become very definite and well-known before they are put in a book.Under this name we understand all the books, published by the authority of any church, that contain the text and directions for her official (liturgical) services.It is now the book that forms the standard by which one has to judge whether a certain service or prayer or ceremony is official and liturgical or not.Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download.