The decision was highly controversial, and some suggested changing the law under which it was rated 18.
The original X certificate, replacing the H certificate, was issued between 19 by the British Board of Film Censors in the United Kingdom.
When the MPAA film rating system began in America on November 1, 1968, the X rating was given to a film by the MPAA if submitted to it or, due to its non-trademarked status, it could be self-applied to a film by a distributor that knew beforehand that its film contained content unsuitable for minors.
From the late 1960s to about the mid-1980s, many mainstream films were released with an X rating such as Midnight Cowboy, Last of the Mobile Hot Shots, Beyond the Valley of the Dolls, A Clockwork Orange, Fritz the Cat, Last Tango in Paris and The Evil Dead.
The commission has some leeway in classification, it may for instance take into account the artistic qualities of a movie not to count it pornographic.
Movies with an X rating may only be shown in specific theaters (which hardly exist nowadays in France); they bear special taxes and tax rates, including a 33% tax on revenue.
For example, the French film Jules and Jim received an X rating in 1962 that was changed to a PG rating in 1991.
In some early cases, films politically motivated received an X rating.As pornography began to become chic and more legally and commercially tolerated, pornographers placed an X rating on their films to emphasize the adult content. XX, XXX, etc.) to give the impression that their film contained more graphic sexual content than the simple X rating.In some cases, the X ratings were applied by reviewers or film scholars, e.g.Users’ accounts were also deleted across Russia while in Sochi, the app has been blocked.The anonymous threat read: “You will be arrested and jailed for gay propaganda in Sochi according to Russian Federal Law #135 Sektion 6.” Writing on his Facebook page, Dmitry T, founder of Hunters, said of the incident which took place on 1 February: “I can’t believe it! This attack affected over 72,000 users in Russia, while in Sochi the app was completely blocked.” Russia’s “gay propaganda” law has been in the spotlight in recent months with critics fearing for the welfare of LGBT athletes and spectators at the Games.(Films that achieved critical and commercial success were later re-rated R after minor cuts, including Midnight Cowboy and A Clockwork Orange.) The threat of an X rating also encouraged filmmakers to re-edit their films to achieve an R rating; one notable example of this was the 1987 satirical action film Robo Cop, which had to be edited eleven times before it could attain an R rating.